Jalan Bani Bu Hassan in the South Sharqiyah Governorate is rich in diversity and multiplicity of archaeological, historical, touristic and economic monuments. This state mediates the states of the Jalan sector (Ja’lan Bani Bu Ali, Al Kamil and Al Wafi) and is bounded on the west by Bidiya, on the north by Kamil and Al Wafi, on the northeast by Tire and on the southwest Mahut, from the south, is the state of Ja’alan Bani Bu Ali, 300 kilometers from the capital, Muscat.
Jalan Bani Buhassan is one of the most fertile and abundant states in the southeast, where it penetrates the streams of wadis coming from the states of Ibra, Al-Qabil, Bidiyah and Wadi Bani Khalid.
The state has enjoyed many of the achievements of the modern renaissance of providing all the essential services for the state that serves the citizen and the expatriate. The slogan of the state consists of two crossed spears embracing
Snehma (arrows at the top of the spears), Mount Qahwan. The scenic nature of the state embraces three diverse environments, which are agricultural, sandy, rocky and marine environments.
The marine nature of the state occupies a distinctive place, as it includes a number of beautiful and wonderful coastal villages with its picturesque beaches that sit on the coastal strip that embraces the Arabian Sea, and they are villages (centuries, Al Jadida, Aqrah, Hidd, Jashir, Qahid and Juwaira). Cover, root, grouper, lentils, hotel, octopus, shark, ghutro, shark, and more.
The marine wealth is a source of livelihood for the residents of these villages and the strength of their day. It is also a source of attraction and tourist arrivals for them, as the number of fishermen registered with the Department of Fish Development in Jaan Bani Bu Hassan in the village of Qaroon coastal village is 700 fishermen, and these villages are characterized by cold weather all year round and attracting tourists and the nature of its scenic beaches.
As for the sand dunes environment, they constitute paintings vibrant in the peaceful Bedouin life and embrace a number of sandy villages affiliated with the state, most notably Ramla, Al-Tuhaim village, which is 80 kilometers west of the state, and the people of these sandy villages work on raising camels and livestock. There are also some tourist places in these villages Including (Al-Reem Desert Camp), which is an outlet for fans of desert sand and Bedouin life. The camp is located between the villages of Al-Muraibi and Falaj Al-Mashayekh, and it is 9 kilometers away from the center of the state linked to the state’s Eastern Sands series. This camp embodies the reality of the Bedouin life with all its details and vocabulary, and it combines comfort, calm and enjoyment and visitors come from inside and outside the Sultanate. There are many mountains in the state with a picturesque rocky environment. Perhaps the most important one is (Jabal Qahwan), which is located on the eastern side of the state, where its name came in relation to the animal of the Arab caribou who lives in it and is called (Qahwan). This mountain is a historical and economic importance as it is a natural landmark and it is found in it An ancient rock section, which is the only apparent section in the Sultanate. The reason for the proliferation of the Arab caribou in this mountain is because it contains an abundant group of herbs that provide this animal with abundant food and an honest fort, besides it contains approximately 36 water resources from the eyes, valleys and water bodies in the rocky pockets. The Royal High Decrees No. 50/2014 AD and 51/2014 AD were issued declaring Jabal Qahwan Nature Reserve in South Eastern Governorate to protect and maintain environmental systems and their vital components as well as protect natural and cultural properties such as landscapes.
The majority of the people of the state occupy the agricultural occupations that are a source of livelihood for many of them. The state is also famous for cultivating many types of palm trees, the most famous of which is the palm al-Mabsali (and the palm tree) that are spread in the Ja`lan sector. Fafay, grapes, and pomegranate), and its agricultural environment is also famous for trees (Samar, Ghaf, Sidr, Sarh, Lathb, Harvest, Rak, Glass, and Peace)
The state of Ja’alan Bani Bu Hassan is well-known for its many and varied professions, including crafting gold and silver, making swords, daggers, blacksmithing, whistling, candy making, pottery, leather tanning, spinning, fishing nets, horse saddles and camels, as well as various forms of palm leaves.
The state of Jalan Bani Bu Hassan embraces many ancient historical monuments that are still witnessed to this day, which tell the authenticity of history and the fragrance of the past, most notably the ancient castles, forts and mosques, which number 40 ancient mosques, as well as the military towers and its historical wall and aflaj. The number of castles in the state (9) Al-Munjdar Castle, Awlad Murshid Castle, Khuwaisa Fort, Al-Sayyariya Fort, Al-Ghunaimiya Fort, Al-Munadhirah and Aqariah. As for the number of fortresses, it is 14 fortresses distributed within the state, including Ja’alan Bani Bu Hassan Fort, Khuwaisah Fort, Awlad Hail, Awlad’s children, Fort Ein, Shayla, Al Ghorfa, Al Sawara and Fort Awlad Bdallah and Fort Hill. Also features a state of Jalan Bani Bu-Hassan frequently the towers, which is the observatory to monitor the situation,
Among the most important are the sixtieth yellow-tower and the observatory. These towers have laws and regulations. For each falaj, a named tower is placed on it. An amount of the falaj’s money is allocated for the maintenance of the tower and for the payment of guard wages, which number 21.